Is wheat or more specifically gluten sensitivity a milder form of coeliac disease?
There are actually people where coeliac disease has been excluded but who, nevertheless, have symptoms similar to those of coeliac disease when they eat food containing gluten. This phenomenon is called gluten sensitivity or wheat sensitivity and is being researched quite actively at the moment. However it is not a milder form of coeliac disease as the gluten sensitivity is not immunological and no antibodies are formed. The wheat sensitivity describes an intolerance towards wheat components. Possibly the amylase-trypsin-inhibitors (ATIs) associated with products containing gluten are the cause and not the gluten contained in wheat. It is important though to always speak to a doctor, as only they can really determine the cause of the symptoms and give you a correct diagnosis.
Coeliac disease symptoms:
- Innate autoimmune reaction
- Reduction of the villi in the intestine
- Typical enteropathy
Wheat sensitivity symptoms:
- Unexplained immunological reaction
- No enteropathy
You can find further information about the symptoms and the differences to coeliac disease here.